The “Incheon Global Campus” and the “China Global Campus” have
something in common in that the influx of foreign students into the
respective countries is rapidly increasing as their national statuses improve,
which also serves to enhance their prominence as a global campuses.
Now, it is time to compare the latent potential energies of these two global
campuses competing for the prime position while receiving attention as
emerging global education hubs.
A common feature of growth wi th nat ional suppor t and investment
The number of foreign students in China has been on a steady rise from 2014 to recent years. The number of international students in that country increased from only 20 in 1950 to 490,000 in 2018 and is expected to reach about 500,000 in 2020. At the center of this change was the generous support and investment of the Chinese government to attract foreign universities to China through the education opening policy that began in 2004. As a result of such policies, prestigious overseas universities advanced into China, including Michigan State University in the United States (No. 17 in world ranking), Nottingham University (No. 147) and Liverpool University (No. 157) in the UK, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (No. 44). They have retained high growth every year through an advanced university operating system and stable level of student recruitment. The growth of IGC has been also greatly attributed to the full support and investment of the ROK government and Incheon Metropolitan City.
IGC's vision to change as a plat form for national stature
The advantages of global campuses are that their students can obtain degrees from world-class prestigious universities while enjoying access to advanced educational facilities and curricula at a lower cost than studying abroad. Furthermore, their graduates can easily get a global job as they can form strong personal connections with graduates and professors of their home campuses. However, in order to properly capitalize on their strengths as a global campus, they should establish a sustained position as a global education hub. National status is important for this. China is the second-largest economy in the world in terms of GDP. Another advantage is that the amount of foreign direct investment in China is rapidly growing, leading to a high chance of local employment. South Korea's status has changed in the face of the global COVID-19 crisis. The country was praised by the world for its excellent K-Quarantine standards and practices. Its economic growth rate in the first quarter of this year was also the highest among the 36 OECD member countries although it posted negative growth when compared to the previous year. All of these are acting as a positive signal for the influx of international students, the attraction of tenant universities, and the future growth of the IGC.